User Acceptance Testing is often the final step before rolling out the application.
Usually the end users who will be using the applications test the application before 'accepting' the application.
This type of testing gives the end users the confidence that the application being delivered to them meets their requirements.
This testing also helps nail bugs related to usability of the application.
Before the User Acceptance testing can be done the application is fully developed.
Various levels of testing (Unit, Integration and System) are already completed before User Acceptance Testing is done. As various levels of testing have been completed most of the technical bugs have already been fixed before UAT.
To ensure an effective User Acceptance Testing Test cases are created.
These Test cases can be created using various use cases identified during the Requirements definition stage.
The Test cases ensure proper coverage of all the scenarios during testing.
During this type of testing the specific focus is the exact real world usage of the application. The Testing is done in an environment that simulates the production environment.
The Test cases are written using real world scenarios for the application
The user acceptance testing is usually a black box type of testing. In other words, the focus is on the functionality and the usability of the application rather than the technical aspects. It is generally assumed that the application would have already undergone Unit, Integration and System Level Testing.
However, it is useful if the User acceptance Testing is carried out in an environment that closely resembles the real world or production environment.
The steps taken for User Acceptance Testing typically involve one or more of the following:
.......1) User Acceptance Test (UAT) Planning
.......2) Designing UA Test Cases
.......3) Selecting a Team that would execute the (UAT) Test Cases
.......4) Executing Test Cases
.......5) Documenting the Defects found during UAT
.......6) Resolving the issues/Bug Fixing
.......7) Sign Off
As always the Planning Process is the most important of all the steps. This affects the effectiveness of the Testing Process. The Planning process outlines the User Acceptance Testing Strategy. It also describes the key focus areas, entry and exit criteria.
The User Acceptance Test Cases help the Test Execution Team to test the application thoroughly. This also helps ensure that the UA Testing provides sufficient coverage of all the scenarios.
The Use Cases created during the Requirements definition phase may be used as inputs for creating Test Cases. The inputs from Business Analysts and Subject Matter Experts are also used for creating.
Each User Acceptance Test Case describes in a simple language the precise steps to be taken to test something.
The Business Analysts and the Project Team review the User Acceptance Test Cases.
Selecting a Team that would execute the UAT Test Cases is an important step.
The UAT Team is generally a good representation of the real world end users.
The Team thus comprises of the actual end users who will be using the application.
The Testing Team executes the Test Cases and may additional perform random Tests relevant to them.
The Team logs their comments and any defects or issues found during testing.
The issues/defects found during Testing are discussed with the Project Team, Subject Matter Experts and Business Analysts. The issues are resolved as per the mutual consensus and to the satisfaction of the end users.
Upon successful completion of the User Acceptance Testing and resolution of the issues the team generally indicates the acceptance of the application. This step is important in commercial software sales. Once the User "Accept" the Software delivered they indicate that the software meets their requirements.
The users now confident of the software solution delivered and the vendor can be paid for the same.