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    Home » Testing Articles » Functional: Black Box and White Box Articles » White Box and Black Box Testing

    White Box and Black Box Testing

    A D V E R T I S E M E N T

    White Box testing
    Another name of White box testing is Glass-Box testing or Structural Testing. It is the test in the system.The tester have to specify the test case that will be used for test the system.They must have an ability in programming and well understand in software testing theory.Their task it to assign the test case to every line, every statement or every path of the program being tested. You can compare white box testing with the measurement of electronics circuit (In measurement of electronics circuit,you have to measure the electric current and voltage in every node existing in your circuit).

    White box can be applied for testing in Unit testing,Integration testing or System testing but in commonly the tester apply White box testing in Unit testing phase of software development.

    The advantage of White box.
    1.The process of White box testing can increase te quality of source code and can make the pieces of source code work more efficiency because it is the testing in the system (In the function and in every branches of the code)

    2.In White box testing we can look for an error by give an input to the system and monitor the output from the system.Otherwise it also can look for the internal error that existing in the mentioned system too.

    The disadvantage of White box.
    1.This kind of testing require high skill in software coding to assure the high-quality of source code.

    Black Box testing.
    Another name of Black-Box testing is Functional Testing.It is the testing that disregard internal mechanism of the system (don't test the internal component of the system such as source code or function).This testing method is focus on the output that come out from the system after we sent the input to it (Output that come out after the system responded to the input data).

    In Black Box, the tester will not look for the code to test, so the code is considered to be "Black Box" that we can't see the content inside the box.The tester know only they must send the input to the "Black Box" and then it will release the output to the tester.

    The tester usually use the requirement specification document (Requirement Knowledge) to build the test case, so they know what is the outcome that the system will send after they send the corresponding input to it.

    Summary of Black box testing is as follow... - It is the testing that disregard the source code or command in the program. - It is testing of function of system base on the requirement documents. - The tester must assume for output that will come out from the system after sending the various input pattern to the system (The output must match up with the input).

    Summary of White Box testing is as follow... -It is the testing that examine the structure or the work-flow of the program. -The tester must build the specific test case used for testing in each specific condition. -The test case must contain the case that can be executed normally and abnormally. -Try to execute every statement in the function at least 1 time.


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